Pekingese Diet and Nutrition
Along with their shape, size and coats, the nutritional needs of the Pekingese dog have been passed down through many generations. It is imperative that when selecting your dogs diet, you take the origin of this breed into consideration, as what is good for other breeds may not be the best fit for the Pekingese.
Rather than trying to force your dog to adapt to a diet foreign to his/her system, it is best to present your Pekingese with a diet that is made up of foods which may have been found in her native environment and eaten by her ancestors. Not only will these foods be better absorbed but she will be less likely to experience gastrointestinal upset, gas and excessive weight gain. It is important to make sure that your dogs diet contains the necessary nutrients (protein, fatty acids, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) in the correct proportion.
Another benefit of feeding your Pekingese correctly is the amount of money you will save on trips to the vet! Pekes who are fed properly have less nutrition-related illnesses: skin allergies, itchy skin, hot spots, yeast infections, constipation, kidney and liver ailments. The Pekingese tends to be much more sensitive to foods he/she ingests, compared to other breeds, and you will know right away if something you are feeding your Peke is causing her to become ill.
Excerpt from Pekingese page out of the book on Canine Nutrition:
Weight Standards: m/f – under 14 lbs.
Height Standards: m/f – 8 inches
Coat: smooth, long top coat, any color but liver and white
Common Ailments: eye lacerations, respiratory & spinal problems
The Pekingese developed within the Summer Imperial Palace in Peking, China, during the 8th century. Ownership of this dog was restricted to the members of the Chinese Imperial Court. The Pekinese was considered to be a good luck charm for their owners. They were called by three names in their early years: Lion Dog (because of their appearance), Sun Dog, and Sleeve Dog (because they could be carried about in sleeves). Due to their confinement within the Imperial Palace, they were unknown to the outside world until the British invasion of the Palace in 1860. When the British troops invaded the Palace they found five of these small dogs guarding the body of their mistress, an imperial princess. These five were captured by the invading troops, taken to England, and are the forefathers of the Pekingese found in this country today.
Native food supplies for this breed would have been those used in the kitchens of the Imperial Palace in Peking, China, and would have been foods of the Mandarin variety. They would have consisted of meats from fish, pork, and poultry with greens, beets, rice, and soy products.
For the Pekingese of today I recommend foods that are a blend of poultry, rice, yellow corn, beet, and soy. However, I feel you should avoid feeding a Pekingese any white potatoes, avocado, oats, beef, or horse meat. ”
The Pekingese dog loves to eat. However while he/she would be content eating foods containing fillers and sugar, it is best to stick to a high quality protein based diet. In ancient times, the Pekingese would most likely consume small mice, rats, eggs, and perhaps even a wounded bird, bones and all. Small amounts of grain and vegetable would have been digested only after eating an animal who had these things in it’s belly as the Pekingese would typically not have sought out grains. It is important to keep this in mind when choosing your dogs diet, paying attention to ratio. If you opt to cook for your Peke, you may want to supplement with a vitamin to assure that all of her nutritional needs are being met.
If your Peke tends to be prone to allergies, it is wise to keep the diet consistent, including offering no table scraps. Lamb and rabbit are a good choice for the sensitive Peke. Beef and chicken can sometimes be problematic, however, offering if your Pekingese can tolerate it, offering her a raw egg once in a while is a great treat. There are quite a few varieties of “frozen raw” foods, as well as dry kibble, which contain the proper ratio of meat-carbohydrate-vitamin/mineral. It is in the best interest of your dog to do some research before purchasing his/her diet.
A few things to note, while people often assume that these things are normal, they are not and if they are happening consistently they could be related to something your Pekingese is eating:
– chewing on feet
– constant itching
– biting/hot spots in the absence of fleas or ticks